Replacing a car's thermostat (or T-stat) is an easy and inexpensive repair, and in most cases will cure an overheating or no-heat problem, sparing the time and expense needed for expert diagnostics.
By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine
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How to replace thermostat procedure
Photo 1: Remove the old car thermostat
Pry off the gooseneck. Then remove the car thermostat from the engine or the inside of the gooseneck.
Photo 2: Clean both mating surfaces
Use a plastic scraper to remove the old gasket and any sealing compound. Then dry the surfaces with a rag.
Photo 3: Install the new thermostat and gasket
Place the new car thermostat in the recessed groove in either the engine or gooseneck (air bleed toward the top). Hold it in place with a self-adhesive gasket. Then apply a bead of RTV sealant.
In most cases, the cause of an overheating or no-heat condition in your vehicle is a faulty thermostat. And since the T-stat price is only about $8, it makes more sense to replace it than to spend hours diagnosing the problem. If that doesn’t fix it, at least you’re only out about two hours learning how to replace a thermostat.
Pick up a new T-stat and gasket, as well as RTV sealant, fresh coolant (to top off the system) and hose-clamping pliers at an auto parts store. And while you’re there, ask the clerk for the torque specs for the gooseneck bolts. Then gather up your metric sockets, a plastic scraper and a drip pan. Slide the drip pan under the engine to catch the spilled coolant.
The T-stat is usually located near the top of the engine under a “gooseneck” housing attached to the upper radiator hose. If yours isn’t there, consult a shop manual to locate it. Here’s how to change the thermostat: Remove the two or three bolts that hold the gooseneck in place and remove the T-stat (Photo 1). Next, clean both the engine and the gooseneck sealing surfaces (Photo 2). If the parts store gave you a plain gasket, coat one side with RTV sealant (self-adhesive gaskets don’t need sealant). Then install the T-stat and gasket (Photo 3). If the old T-stat used a rubber O-ring instead of a gasket, lubricate the new one with fresh coolant before you insert it. Reinstall the gooseneck and top off the coolant. A car thermostat price ranges depending on the type of parts you need.
Required Tools for this How to Change a Car Thermostat Project
Have the necessary tools for this how to change a car thermostat DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
You’ll also need hose-clamping pliers, a plastic scraper and a drip pan
Required Materials for this How to Change a Thermostat Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.