Home Repair: How to Replace the Main Shut Off Valve
Stop that drip for good
IntroductionMain water shutoff valves can become clogged with mineral deposits and grit, causing slow leaks. With the right materials and correct procedure, it's a safe and easy repair.
- 4-in-1 screwdriver
- Adjustable wrench
- Pipe wrench
- Plumbers tape
- 3/4-in. ball valve
- Leather washers
Shutoff Replacement Procedure
If you get drips of water coming through your pipes even with the main shutoff valve completely closed, its probably time to replace the shutoff with a new ball valve. Its not complicated, but the house water will be off, so its a good idea to get your ducks in a row before you start.
Project step-by-step (4)
Test the “street-side” valve where the water enters the house. Since that valve is just as old, test it to make sure it closes all the way and reopens again. Mineral deposits and tiny pieces of grit can gradually build up in an old gate valve, making it impossible to fully close. If that valve needs replacement, contact your water utility to shut off the main valve at the curb.
Loosen the Old Valve
Check out the electrical system “bonding jumper” that runs from a clamp on the house side of the meter to a clamp on the street side. If you can unscrew the old valve with the bonding jumper wire in place, fine. If you can’t, do not disconnect it. The safe way to work around this problem is to install a longer section of copper wire and two new clamps (6AWG for 100-amp service, 4AWG for 200-amp service). Then remove the short bonding jumper. At that point, you’re ready to shut down the water and replace the valve.
Shut off the street-side valve where the water enters the house. Then loosen the coupling nut and remove the nipple from the old valve. To remove the old valve, you’ll have to undo the coupling on the “house side” of the water meter. There’s usually an oil-impregnated leather sealing washer inside the coupling.
Install the New Valve
You probably have a 3/4-in. pipe leading to and from the leaky valve. Buy a threaded replacement ball valve; it’s a far better choice than the older gate-style valve. Screw on the new ball valve, install the old nipple and the new leather washer (use Teflon tape or pipe dope on the threads). Tighten the coupling nut, turn on the water and check for leaks.
Leather washers are tough to find, so look at a plumbing supplier or check for them online. Some plumbing suppliers sell neoprene washers, but the “oldtimers” swear by leather because eventually neoprene will dry out and crack.